The Saab 9000 front brakes consist, on each side, of a ventilated brake disc
(rotor) and a floating, single-piston caliper. The caliper is manufactured by
Girling for Turbos up to 1987 and non-turbos up to 1989, and by ATE for later
cars. This procedure lists step-by-step instructions on how to replace the front
brake pads and, optionally, the discs. My car has ATE calipers front and back.
I previously owned a 1987 9000 turbo that had Girling calipers on the front.
The differences are minor, but please bear in mind that I might have forgotten
some details of the Girling caliper. Changing the front pads on the 1987 9000
was the easiest pad change I have ever done on any car. I was impressed!
Naturally, this will vary with both the individual and what they find when
they get there. However, this took about 20 minutes per side, including replacing
the disc. Subtract perhaps 5 minutes if you aren't changing the disc.
As usual, double this for the first side if you haven't done it before. Of
course, I was making notes and taking photographs as well.
These are for replacing the pads only. For tools required to replace the discs
as well, see here. I assume
some basic tools, such as a jack, axle stands, socket set, etc. However I do
not assume you will already have all the necessary metric socket and spanner
sizes, especially if you are in the USA. Here is a list so you can make sure
you have all the necessary sizes before you start.
7mm hexagon (Allen) bit to fit a socket set. An Allen key may not be enough
to undo the screws as they may be quite tight.
Copper (anti-sieze) grease - My local parts shop keeps it on a shelf next
to brake pads and shoes.
Jack up the front of the car and place it on axle stands. If you
are not sure where you can safely place the jack and axle stands on
a 9000, go here for more information.
Remove the roadwheel.
Move the pads free of the disc by levering or clamping the inboard
brake pad to press the piston fully into the caliper, and by sliding
the caliper outwards on its sliding pins. Watch the brake fluid level
here, as it will rise when you press in the pistons. When I got to
the second wheel, I noticed brake fluid dripping onto the subframe.
Remove the plastic plugs at the rear of the caliper and slacken
off the two 7mm hexagon (Allen) screws underneath the plugs (pin seen
from within wheel well).
If replacing the pads only and the caliper is Girling, remove
the bottom screw only. Then swing the caliper up on the top pin to
access the pads.
Otherwise, remove both screws. On the ATE caliper, unclip the retaining
spring while supporting the caliper. Do not let the caliper
hang from the brake hose, as this may damage the hose. The spring
clip looks like this:
Remove the pads. Girling pads simply slide out, as does the outboard
ATE pad. The inboard ATE pad clips into the piston. Pull it directly
out of the piston to remove.
If you wish to remove and replace the brake disc (rotor), this is
the time to do it. Click here for the
Fit the new pads as a straightforward reversal
of removal. My ATE pads came with a spring clip for the inboard pad
and a self-adhesive pad on the outboard pad. If you have a self-adhesive
pad backing, remove the backing paper before installation. If not,
smear the backing plate of the outboard pad (and inboard pad for Girling
calipers) with copper grease to help suppress any brake squeal.
Reposition the caliper and, for ATE calipers, refit the spring clip.
Smear the sliding pin(s) with copper grease and refit. Tighten them
Refit the plastic plugs.
Refit the roadwheel.
Lower the car.
Torque the roadwheel bolts to 120Nm
Press the brake pedal repeatedly to move the pads back onto the
discs. If you don't do this, the brakes won't work the first time
you use them (and there may never be a second time!)
Check the fluid level in the master cylinder reservoir. Top it up
to MAX if necessary.
The brakes will not perform well for the first hundred miles or
so until the pads bed in. This seems to take longer if the discs are
new as well. With new discs and pads, be especially careful
for the first few miles. The performance of mine after doing all four
wheels was pathetic for a few miles. I have since adopted the practice
of doing the front discs and pads, driving for a few miles to get
them working, then doing the rear pads and discs and going for another
test drive. This is a bit safer and less harrowing.
saab9000.com is an enthusiast's web site
and is not in any way affiliated with Saab Automobile. A big "thank
you" to Saab for producing the 9000.
All information is presented in good faith. However, I am not a trained
mechanic, just an enthusiast.Therefore, it is your responsibility to ensure
that you are competent to carry out any procedures presented here and
that they are correct. No responsibility can be accepted for any inaccuracies
or consequential loss, injury or damage.